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Syllabus for b.tech final year. Electronics & Communication Engineering [Effective from session 2012-13]


Study and Evaluation Scheme B. Tech. in Electronics & Communication Engineering
[Effective from the session 2012-13]
S. No.Course
SUBJECTPERIODSEvaluation SchemeSubject
1.EOE 07*Open Elective-I**3103020501001504
2.EOE 02*Departmental Elective-II3103020501001504
3.EEC 701Optical Communication3103020501001504
4.EEC 702Data Communication Networks3103020501001504
5.EEC 703VLSI Design3103020501001504
*Human Values & Professional
7.EEC 751Microwave & Fiber Optic Lab002-202030501
8.EEC 752Electronics Circuit Design Lab003-5050-502
9.EEC 753Industrial Training Viva-Voce002-202030501
10.EEC 754Project002-5050-501
11.GP 701General Proficiency-----50-501

** Open Electives-I

EOE-071 Entrepreneurship Development
EOE-072 Quality Management
EOE-073 Operation Research
EOE-074 Introduction to Biotechnology
EOE-075 Micro and smart systems


Study and Evaluation Scheme B. Tech. in Electronics & Communication Engineering
[Effective from the session 2012-13]

S. No.Course
SUBJECTPERIODSEvaluation SchemeSubject
1.EOE 08*Open Elective-II**3103020501001504
2.EEC 03*Departmental Elective-III3103020501001504
3.EEC 801Wireless & Mobile
4.EEC 802Electronics Switching3103020501001503
5.AUC 001*Human Values &
Professional Ethics
6.EEC 851Project0012-1001002503508
7.GP 801General Proficiency-----50-501

** Open Electives-II

EOE-081 Non Conventional Energy Resources
EOE-082 Nonlinear Dynamic system
EOE-083 Product Development
EOE-084 Automation and Robotics


Elective – I
1.EEC 011Analog Signal Processing
2.EEC 012Data Structure
3.EEC 013Advance Semiconductor Devices
4.EEC 014Microcontrollers

Elective – II
1.EEC 021Satellite Communication
2.EEC 022Digital Image Processing
3.EEC 023ANN
4.EEC 024Filter Design

Elective – III
1.EEC 031Optical Networks
2.EEC 032Digital System Design using VHDL
3.EEC 033Speech Processing
4.EEC 034Integrated Circuit Technology
5.EEC 035Introduction to RADAR systems


                                             EEC 701 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION3 1 0
IOverview of optical fiber communication-
The general system, advantages of optical fiber communications. Optical fiber
wave guides- Introduction, Ray theory transmission, Optical fiber Modes and
configuration, Mode theory for circular Waveguides, Step Index fibers,
Graded Index fibers.
Single mode fibers- Cut off wavelength, Mode Field Diameter, Effective
Refractive Index. Fiber Material and its Fabrication Techniques
IISignal distortion in optical fibers- Attenuation, Absorption, Scattering and
Bending losses, Core and Cladding losses. Information capacity determination, Group delay, Attenuation Measurements Techniques,
Types of Dispersion - Material dispersion, Wave-guide dispersion, Polarization mode dispersion, Intermodal dispersion. Pulse broadening. Overall fiber dispersion in Multi mode and Single mode fibers, Fiber dispersion measurement techniques, Non linear effects.
Optical fiber Connectors: Joints, Couplers and Isolators.
IIIOptical sources- LEDs, Structures, Materials, Quantum efficiency, Power,
Modulation, Power bandwidth product.
Laser Diodes- Basic concepts, Classifications, Semiconductor injection Laser: Modes, Threshold conditions, External quantum efficiency, Laser diode rate equations, resonant frequencies, reliability of LED & ILD
IVSource to fiber power launching - Output patterns, Power coupling, Power
launching, Equilibrium Numerical Aperture, Laser diode to fiber coupling. Optical detectors- Physical principles of PIN and APD, Detector response time, Temperature effect on Avalanche gain, Comparison of Photo detectors. Optical receiver operation- Fundamental receiver operation, Digital signal transmission, error sources, Receiver configuration, Digital receiver performance, Probability of error, Quantum limit, Analog receivers
VLink Design: Point to Point Links, Power Penalities, Error
control,Multichannel Transmission Techniques, WDM concepts and component overview,
OTDR and optical Power meter
1. John M. Senior, “Optical Fiber Communications”, PEARSON, 3rd Edition, 2010.
2. Gerd Keiser, “Optical Fiber Communications”, TMH, 4th Edition, 2008.
1. Govind P. Agrawal, “Fiber Optic Communication Systems”, John Wiley, 3rd Edition,
2. Joseph C. Plais, “Fiber Optic Communication”, Pearson Education, 4th Ed, 2004.

                                  EEC 702 DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORKS3 1 0
IIntroduction to Networks & Data Communications
The Internet, Protocols & Standards, Layered Tasks, OSI Model, TCP / IP, Addressing, Line Coding Review, Transmission Media: Guided and unguided Media Review.
IISwitching: Datagram Networks, Virtual Circuit Networks, Structure of a
switch ,Ethernet Physical Layer, Data Link Layer: Error detection and Correction Data Link Control: Framing, Flow and Error Control Protocols, Noiseless Channel and Noisy Channel Protocol, HDLC, Point-to-Point Protocol
IIIMultiple Access : RANDOH, CDMA, CSMA/CD, CSMA/CA, Controlled
Access, Channelization
Wired LANs: IEEE Standards, Standard Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit
Ethernet, Wireless LAN
IEEE 802.11, Bluetooth IEEE 802.16
IVNetwork Layer : Design Issues. Routing Algorithms. Congestion control
Algorithms.IPV4 Addresses, Connecting Devices, Virtual LAN IPV6
Addresses, Internet Protocol, Hardware Addressing versus IP Addressing, IP Data Gram
VTransport Layer Protocol : UDP and TCP, ATM
ATM, Cryptography, Network Security
Text Books:
1. B. A. Forouzan, “Data Communications and Networking”, MGH, 4th ed. 2007
Reference Books:
1. A. S. Tanenbaum, “Computer Networks”, PHI.
2. W. Stallings, “Data and Computer Communication”, PHI.

                                                      EEC 703 VLSI DESIGN3 1 0
IIntroduction: Overview of VLSI Design Methodologies, VLSI Design Flow,
Design Hierarchy, Concepts of Regularity, Modularity and Locality.
MOSFET Fabrication: Fabrication process flow, NMOS and CMOS
fabrication, layout design rules, stick diagram and mask layout design.
MOS Transistor : MOS Structure, The MOS System under external bias, Operation of MOSFET, MOSFET - Current /Voltage Characteristics, Scaling and Small geometry effects and capacitances
IIMOS Inverters: Introduction, Resistive Load Inverter, Inverters with n-type
MOSFET load, CMOS Inverter.
MOS Inverters - Switching Characteristics: Introduction, Delay – Time Definitions, Calculation of Delay Times, and Inverter Design with Delay Constraints.
IIICombinational MOS Logic Circuits: Introduction, MOS logic circuits with
depletion NMOS Loads, CMOS logic circuits, complex logic circuits, CMOS
transmission gates (pass gates)
Sequential MOS Logic Circuits: Introduction, behaviour bistable elements, SR latch circuits, clocked latch and FF circuits, CMOS D latch and edge triggered FF.
IVDynamic logic circuits: Introduction, basic principle of pass transistor
circuits, synchronous dynamic circuit techniques, dynamic CMOS circuit techniques, domino CMOS logic.
Semiconductor memories: Introduction, DRAM, SRAM, ROM, flash memory.
VLow – Power CMOS Logic Circuits: Introduction, Overview of Power
Consumption, Low – Power Design through voltage scaling, Estimation and Optimization of switching activity, Reduction of Switched Capacitance and Adiabatic Logic Circuits.
Design for Testability: Introduction, Fault Types and Models, Controllability and Observability, Ad Hoc Testable Design Techniques, Scan Based and BIST Techniques
Text Book:
1. Sung-Mo Kang & Yosuf Leblebici, “CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis &
Design”, TMH, 3rd Edition.
Reference Books:
2. D. A. Pucknell and K. Eshraghian, “Basic VLSI Design: Systems and Circuits”, PHI, 3rd Ed., 1994.
3. W.Wolf, Modern VLSI Design: System on Chip, Third Edition, Pearson, 2002.

                                      EEC 021 SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS3 1 0
IElements of Satellite Communication. Orbital mechanics, look angle and
orbit determination, launches & launch vehicle, orbital effects, Geostationary Orbit.
IISatellite subsystems, attitude and orbit control systems, TTC&M,
communication subsystem, satellite antenna
Satellite link design: basic transmission theory, system noise temperature and G/T ratio, downlink design, uplink design, satellite systems using small earth station, design for specified C/N.
IIIPropagation effects and their impact on satellite-earth links: attenuation and
depolarization, atmospheric absorption, rain, cloud and ice effects etc. Introduction of various satellite systems: VSAT, low earth orbit and non- geostationary,
IVDirect broadcast satellite television and radio, satellite navigation and the
global positioning systems, GPS position location principle, GPS Receivers and Codes, Satellite Signal Acquisition, GPS Navigation Message, GPS Signal Levels, Timing accuracy, GPS Receiver Operation
VGlobal Mobile Satellite Systems, Antenna System for mobile satellite
applications, Evolution, Antenna Requirement and Technical Characteristics, Classification of Mobile Satellite Antenna(MSA), Low gain omni directional Antenna, Medium gain Directional Antenna, High gain Directional Aperture Antenna, Wire Quadrifilar Helix Antenna(WQHA) for Hand held Terminals, Antenna Systems for Mobile Satellite Broadcasting.
Text/ Reference Books:
1. B. Pratt, A. Bostian, “Satellite Communications”, Wiley India.
2. D. Roddy, “Satellite Communications”, TMH, 4th Ed.
3. S. D. Ilcev, “Global Mobile Satellite Communication”, Springer
4. R. Pandya, “Mobile and Personal Communication Systems and Services ”, PHI.

                                      EEC 022 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING3 1 0
I & IIIntroduction: Fundamental steps in DIP, elements of DIP, Simple
image model, sampling & quantization, basic relationships between pixels, colour image model.
Image Transforms: One-dimensional & two-dimensional DFT, cosine, sine, Hadamard, Haar, and Slant & KL transforms.
Image Enhancement: Introduction, point operations, histogram modelling, spatial operations, Transform operations.
IIIImage Restoration: Introduction, image observation models, Inverse &
Wiener filtering, difference between enhancement & restoration
Restoration-spatial filtering, Noise reduction in frequency domain.
IVImage Compression: Introduction, Pixel coding, Predictive coding,
Transform coding, Inter-frame coding
VImage Segmentation: Introduction, Spatial feature extraction, Transforms
features, Edge detection, Boundary extraction, Segmentation techniques.
Text Books:
1. Rafael C. Gonzalez Richard E Woods, “Digital Image Processing”, Pearson, 3rd
Ed. 2009.
2. Anil K Jain, “Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”, PHI.

                                      EEC 023 Artificial Neural Networks3 1 0
Introduction and history, human brain, biological neuron, models of neuron, signal flow graph of neuron, feedback, network architecture, knowledge representation, Artificial intelligence and neural networks. Learning Process:
Error correction learning, memory based learning, Hebbian
learning, competitive learning, Boltzmann learning, learning with and without teacher, learning tasks, memory and adaptation.
IIArtificial neurons, Neural networks and architectures
Introduction, neuron signal function, mathematical preliminaries, Feed forward & feedback architecture.
Geometry of Binary threshold neurons and their networks
Pattern recognition, convex sets and convex hul l s , space of Boolean functions, binary neurons for pattern classification, non linear separable problems, capacity of TLN, XOR solution.
IIIPerceptrons and LMS
Learning objective of TLN, pattern space & weight space, perceptron learning algorithm, perceptron convergence theorem, pocket algorithm, α – LMS learning, MSE error surface, steepest descent search, μ – LMS and application.
Back propagation and other learning algorithms
Multilayered architecture, back propagation learning algorithm, practical considerations, structure growing algorithms, applications of feed forward neural networks, reinforcement learning
IVStatistical Pattern Recognition
Bayes’ theorem, classical decisions with Bayes’ theorem, probabilistic interpretation of neuron function, interpreting neuron signals as probabilities, multilayered networks & posterior probabilities, error functions for classification problems.
RBF Networks
Regularization networks, generalized RBF networks, RBF network for solving XOR problem, comparison of RBF networks & multilayer perceptrons.
Stochastic Machines
Statistical mechanics, simulated annealing, Boltzmann machine.
VAdaptive Resonance Theory
Building blocks of adaptive resonance, Adaptive Resonance Theory 1. Self Organizing Feature MAP
Introduction, Maximal eigenvector filtering, principal component analysis, generalized learning laws, competitive learning, vector quantization, Mexican hat networks.
Text Books:
1. Kumar Satish, “Neural Networks”, TMH
2. Simon Haykin, ”Neural Networks”, PHI

                                                    EEC 024 FILTER DESIGN3 1 0
IReview of op-amps circuits, Categorization of filters-Low-pass filter,
High-pass filter, band-pass filter, band-reject filter, Gain equalizers, and
Delay equalizers.
IIApproximation Theory: Butterworth approximation, Chebyshev
approximation, Inverse Chebyshev approximation, Basic of sensitivity,
Frequency Transformations.
IIIThree amplifier Biquad: Basic low pass and band pass circuit,
realization of the general Biquadratic Functions, summing of four
Amplifier biquad, feed forward three amplifier biquad, Passive Ladder structures, Inductor Substitution using Gyrator, Transformation of elements using the FDNR. Active ladder filters. Active R filters.
IVElementary transconductor building blocks, resistors, integrators, amplifiers, summers, gyrator, First and second order filters, higher order filters.8
VSwitched capacitor filters: The MOS switch, The switched capacitor,
first order building blocks, second order sections, sampled data
operation, Switched capacitor first and second order filters, Bilinear transformation based SC filter design.
Text Book:
[1] Gobind Daryanani, “Principles of active network synthesis and design”,John Wiley &
[2] R. Schaumann, M. E. Van Valkenburg, “Design of analog filters”, Oxford University

EEC 751 Microwave and Optical Communication Lab
Minimum Ten Experiments to be conducted:

Part – A (Any 6 Experiments):
1. Study of Reflex Klystron Characteristics.
2 Measurement of guide wavelength and frequency of the signal in a rectangular
Waveguide using slotted line carriage in a Micro wave Bench.
3. Measurement of impedance of an unknown load connected at the output end of the slotted line carriage in a Micro wave Bench
4. Determine the S-parameter of any Three port Tee.
5 Determine the S-parameter of a Magic Tee.
6. Study various parameters of Isolator .
7. Measurement of attenuation of a attenuator and isolation, insertion loss, cross coupling of a circulator.
8 Determine coupling coefficient, Insertion loss, Directivity and Isolation coefficient of anty
Multi-Hole directional coupler.
9 To study working of MIC Components like Micro strip Line, Filter, Directional Coupler, Wilkinson Power Divider, Ring resonator & coupler, antennas & amplifies.
10. Study of waveguide horn and its radiation pattern and determination of the beam width.
11. Study radiation pattern of any two types of linear antenna.

Part – B (Any 4 Experiments):
1. To setting up fiber optic analog link.
2. Study and measurement of losses in optical fiber.
3. Study and measurement of numerical aperture of optical fiber.
4. Study and perform time division multiplexing (digital).
5. Study of framing in time division multiplexing.
6. Study of Manchester coding and decoding.
7. Study of voice coding and codec chip.
8. Study and measure characteristics of fiber optic LED’s and photo detector.

EEC 752 Electronic Circuit Design

In this practical course students will carry out a design oriented project work using various analog/ digital building blocks which they have already studied in their analog electronic/ digital electronic courses such as Electronic circuits, integrated circuits and filter design. The project may include but not restricted to any of the following:
1. Universal op-amp based biquad
2. Universal OTA biquad
3. Amplitude control or stabilization applied to any sinusoidal oscillators
4. Op-amp/ OTA based function generator
5. Any application of log/antilog circuits
6. Any applications of analog multiplier/ divider
7. Any digital system design and its hardware implementation using TTL/ CMOS ICs
8. Any circuit idea (not studied in the course) using 555 Timer in conjunction with any other ICs
The above must include
1. Design the circuit.
2. Make a hardware and measure various parameters.
3. Simulation in Spice of the designed circuit.
4. Comparison of measured and simulated results.
5. A report is to be made for evaluation.

                                  EEC 801 Mobile and Wireless Communication3 1 0
IEvolution of mobile radio communication fundamentals.
Large scale path loss: propagation models, reflection, diffraction, scattering, practical link budget design using path loss model.
Small scale fading & multipath propagation and measurements, impulse response model and parameters of multipath channels.
Small scale Multipath Measurements, Parameters of Mobile Multipath
Channels types of small scale fading.
IIFundamentals of equalisation, Equalisers in communication receiver,
Survey of equalisation techniques, linear equaliser, Algorithms for Adaptive Equalization, Diversity techniques, RAKE receiver. Characteristics of speech signals, quantisation techniques, vocoders, linear predictive coders, Multiple Access techniques for Wireless Communications.
IIICellular concepts, Frequency reuse, channel assignment strategies,
handoff strategies, interference and system capacity, improving coverage and capacity in cellular systems.
IVGSM system for mobile: Services and features, System Architecture, Radio
Sub system Channel types, Frame Structure.
CDMA Digital Cellular Standard (IS 95): Frequency and Channel specifications, Forward CDMA channel and reverse CDMA channel
VIntroduction to Mobile Adhoc Networks, Mobile data networks, wireless
standards IMT2000, Introduction to 4G and concept of NGN.
Text Book:
1. T.S. Rappaport, “Wireless Communication-Principles and practice”, Pearson, Second
2. T L Singal ,“Wireless Communications ”,McGraw Hill Publications.
3. R. Pandya, “ Mobile and personal communication system”, PHI.
Reference Books:
1. Andrea Goldsmith, “Wireless Communications”, Cambridge University press.
2. Andreas F. Molisch, “Wireless Communications”, Wiley Student Edition.
3. S. Haykin & M. Moher, “Modern wireless communication”, Pearson, 2005.

                                         EEC 802 ELECTRONIC SWITCHING3 1 0
Book/ Chapter
IEvolution of Switching systems: Introduction: Message
switching, circuits switching, functions of a switching system, register-translator-senders, distribution frames, crossbar switch, a general trunking, electronic switching, Reed electronic system, digital switching systems.
IIDigital switching: Switching functions, space division
switching, Time division switching, two dimensional switching, Digital cross connect systems, digital switching in analog environment.
IIITelecom Traffic Engineering: Network traffic load
and parameters, grade of service and blocking probability, modelling switching systems, incoming traffic and service time characterization, blocking models and loss estimates, Delay systems.
IVControl of Switching Systems: Introduction, Call
processing functions; common control, Reliability availability and security; Stored program control.
Signalling: Introduction, Customer line signalling, AF junctions and trunk circuits, FDM carrier systems, PCM and inter register signalling, Common channel signalling principles, CCITT signalling system No. 6 and 7, Digital customer line signalling.
VPacket Switching: Packets formats, statistical multiplexing,
routing control, dynamic, virtual path circuit and fixed path routing, flow control, X.25 protocol, frame relay, TCP/IP, ATM cell, ATM service categories, ATM switching, ATM memory switch, space memory switch, memory-space, memory-space-memory switch, Banyan network switch.
Text Books:
1. Thiagarajan Viswanathan, “Telecommunication switching System and
networks”, PHI.
2. J.E. Flood, “Telecommunication switching, Traffic and Networks”, Pearson education.

3. J.C. Bellamy, “Digital Telephony”, John Wiley, 3


                                              EEC 031 OPTICAL NETWORKS3 1 0
IIntroduction to Optical Networks- Principles and Challenges and its
Generation, Characteristics of Optical Fiber in non linear region ,Optical
Packet Switching, Transmission Basics, Multiplexers & Filters,
IIOptical Amplifiers ,Tunable Lasers, Switches, Wavelength Converters.
Sub-Carrier Modulation and Multiplexing,Spectral efficiency,Crosstalk,Introduction of Soliton systems.
IIISONET/SDH: Multiplexing, SONET/ SDH Layers,
Frame Structure, Physical Layer, Elements of a SONET/SDH Infrastructure, Ethernet.
Optical Transport Network, Generic framing Procedure, IP routing and forwarding and QOS.
WDM Network Elements
Optical Line Terminals, Optical Line Amplifiers,
Optical Add/ Drop Multiplexers, Optical Cross
IVWDM Network Design
Cost Trade-offs, Light path Topology Design, and
Routing and wavelength assignment problems, Dimensioning
Wavelength Routing Networks, Network Survivability
Basic Concepts, Protection in SONET/SDH,
Protection in client layer, Optical Layer Protection, Different Schemes,
Interworking between Layers
Access Networks
Network Architecture Overview, Enhanced HFC,
FTTC, PON evolution
VOptical Switching
OTDM, Synchronization, Header Processing,
Buffering, Burst Switching.
Deployment Considerations- SONET/SDH core Network
Text Books:
1. R. Ramaswami, & K. N. Sivarajan, “Optical Networks a Practical perspective”, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 3rd Ed.
2. U. Black, “Optical Networks: Third Generation Transport Systems”/ Pearson
Reference Books:
1. Biswanath Mukherjee “Optical WDM Networks” Springer Pub 2006.

                                    EEC 032 DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN USING VHDL3 1 0
IIntroduction to VHDL, reserve words, structures, modeling, objects, data
type and operators, sequential statements and processes, sequential modeling and attributes, conditional assignment, concatenation and case, array loops and assert statements, subprograms.
IIDigital System Design Automation– Abstraction Levels, System level
design flow, RTL design flow, VHDL.
RTL Design with VHDL – Basic structures of VHDL, Combinational circuits, Sequential circuits, Writing Test benches, Synthesis issues, VHDL Essential Terminologies
VHDL Constructs for Structures and Hierarchy Descriptions – Basic
Components, Component Instantiations, Iterative networks, Binding Alternatives, Association methods, generic Parameters, Design Configuration
IIIConcurrent Constructs for RT level Descriptions – Concurrent Signal
Assignments, Guarded signal assignment
Sequential Constructs for RT level Descriptions – Process Statement, Sequential WAIT statement, VHDL Subprograms, VHDL library Structure, Packaging Utilities and Components, Sequential Statements.
VHDL language Utilities - Type Declarations and Usage, VHDL
Operators, Operator and Subprogram overloading, Other TYPES and TYPE
– related issues, Predefined Attributes
IVVHDL Signal Model – Characterizing hardware languages, Signal
Assignments, Concurrent and Sequential Assignments, Multiple Concurrent
Drivers Standard Resolution
VHardware Cores and Models - Synthesis rules and styles, Memory and
Queue Structures, Arithmetic Cores, Components with Separate Control and Data parts.
Core Design Test and Testability - Issues Related to Design Test, Simple
Test benches.
1. Z. Navabi, “VHDL-Modular Design and Synthesis of cores and Systems”, TMH – 3rd Edition.
2. R.D.M. Hunter, T. T. Johnson, “Introduction to VHDL” Spriger Publication, 2010. REFERENCE BOOKS:
3. C. H. Roth, “Digital System Design using VHDL”, PWS Publishing
4. Douglas Perry, “VHDL- Programming by examples”, MGH

                                        EEC 033 SPEECH PROCESSING3 1 0
IDigital models for speech signals: Mechanism of speech
production & acoustic phonetics, the acoustic theory of speech production, lossless tube models, and digital models for speech signals.
IITime Domain methods of speech sampling: Time dependent
processing of speech, short time energy and average magnitude, short time average zero crossing rate, discrimination between speech& silence, pitch period estimation using parallel processing, short time autocorrelation function & AMDF, pitch period estimation using autocorrelation function.
IIIShort time Fourier Analysis: Definition and properties, design of filter
banks, implementation of filter bank summation method using FFT, spectrographic displays, pitch detection, analysis by synthesis phase, vocoder and channel vocoder.
IVHomomorphic speech processing: Homomorphic system for
convolution, complex cepst rum of speech, pitch det e ction using
Homomorphic processing, formant estimation, Homomorphic vocoder.
VLinear Predictive Coding of Speech: Basic principles of linear
predictive analysis, the autocorrelation method, computation of the gain for the model, solution of LPC equations for auto correlation method,
prediction error and normalized mean square error, frequency domain interpretation of mean squared prediction error relation of linear
predictive analysis to lossless tube models, relation between various speech parameters, synthesis of speech from linear predictive parameters,
application of LPC parameters.
Text / Reference Books:
1. R. L. Rabiner & R.W. Schafer, “Digital Processing of speech signals”, Pearson
2. B. Gold and Nelson Morgon, “Speech and audio signal processing”, Wiley India
Edition, 2006.

                                                  EEC 034 VLSI TECHNOLOGY3 1 0
IIntroduction To IC Technology: SSI, MSI, LSI, VLSI Integrated Circuits
Crystal Growth and Wafer Preparation:
Electronic Grade Silicon, Czochralski Crystal Growth, Silicon Shaping, Processing Considerations.
Epitaxy: Vapor –Phase Epitaxy, Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Silicon on
Insulators, Epitaxial Evaluation.
IIOxidation: Growth Kinetics, Thin Oxides, Oxidation Techniques and
Systems, Oxides Properties.
Lithography: Optical Lithography. Photo masks, Wet Chemical Etching. Dielectric and Polysilicon Film Deposition:
Deposition Processes, Polysilicon , Silicon Dioxide, Silicon Nitride.
IIIDiffusion: Diffusion of Impurities in Silicon and Silicon Dioxide, Diffusion
Equations, Diffusion Profiles, Diffusion Furnace, Solid, Liquid and
Gaseous Sources , Sheet Resistance and its Measurement.
Ion-Implantation: Ion-Implantation Technique, Range Theory, Implantation
IVMetallization: :Metallization Application, Metallization Choices, Physical
Vapor Deposition, Vacuum Deposition, Sputtering Apparatus. Packaging of VLSI devices: Package Types, Packaging Design Consideration, VLSI Assembly Technologies, Package Fabrication Technologies.
VVLSI Process Integration: Fundamental Considerations For IC Processing,
NMOS IC Technology, CMOS IC Technology, Bipolar IC Technology, Monolithic and Hybrid Integrated Circuits, IC Fabrication
Text Book:
1. S. M. Sze, “VLSI Technology”, 2nd Edition, McGraw –Hill Publication.
Reference Books:
1. S.K. Ghandhi, “VLSI Fabrication Principles”, 2nd Edition,. Willy-India Pvt. Ltd.
2. J. D. Plummer, M. D. Deal and Peter B. Griffin, “Silicon VLSI Technology: Fundamentals, practice and modelling”, Pearson Education.
3. Stephen A. Campbell, “Fabrication Engineering at the micro and nano scale”, Oxford Univ

                                    EEC 035 INTRODUCTION TO RADAR SYSTEMS3 1 0
IIntroduction to Radar: Basic Radar, The Simply Form of the Radar
Equations, Radar Block Diagram, Radar Frequencies, Applications of
The Radar Equation: Detection of Signals in Noise, Receiver Noise and
the Signal-to-Noise Ratio, Probabilities of Detection and False Alarm,
Integration of Radar Pulses, Radar Cross Section of Targets, Radar Cross-
Section of Targets, Radar Cross-Section Fluctuations, Transmitter Power,
Pulse Repetition Frequency, Antenna Parameters, System Losses,
IIMTI and Pulse Doppler Radar: Introduction to Doppler and MTI Radar,
Delay-Line Cancelers, Staggered Pulse Repetition Frequencies, Doppler
Filter Banks, Digital MTI Processing, Moving Target Detector,
Limitations to MTI Performance.
IIITracking Radar: Tracking with Radar, Mono pulse Tracking, Conical
Scan and Sequential Lobing, Limitations to tracking Accuracy, Low- Angle Tracking, Tracking in Range, Other Tracking Radar Topics, Comparison of Trackers, Automatic Tracking with Surveillance
IVDetection of Signals in Noise: Introduction, Detection Criteria, Detectors,
Automatic Detection, Integrators, Constant-False-Alarm Rate Receivers.
VInformation from Radar Signals: Basic Radar Measurements, Theoretical
Accuracy of Radar Measurements, Ambiguity Diagram, Pulse
Compression, Target Recognition, Land Clutter, Sea Clutter, Weather
Text/ Reference Books:
1. Merrill I. Skolnik “ Introduction to Radar Systems” Third Edition.
2. J.C. Toomay , Paul J. Hannen “ Principles of Radar” Third Edition.

GBTU & MTU (New Syllabus Effective from session 2013-14 )

New Syllabus Effective from session 2013-14
B. Tech.
  1. B. Tech. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                        
B. Tech. (Agricultural Engineering)
  1. B.Tech. (Agricultural Engineering) 1st year Syllabus                                                             
B. Tech. (Biotechnology)
  1. B.Tech. (Biotechnology) 1st year Syllabus                                                                
B. Arch.
  1. B. Arch. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                        
B. Pharm.
  1. B. Pharm 1st year Syllabus                                                                                      
  1. B.H.M.C.T. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                    
  1. M.A.M. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                          
  1. M.B.A. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                           
  1. M.C.A. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                          

GBTU & MTU (New Syllabus Effective from session 2013-14 )

B. Tech.
  1. B. Tech. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                       
B. Tech. (Agricultural Engineering)
  1. B.Tech. (Agricultural Engineering) 1st year Syllabus                                                             
B. Tech. (Biotechnology)
  1. B.Tech. (Biotechnology) 1st year Syllabus                                                                
B. Arch.
  1. B. Arch. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                        
B. Pharm.
  1. B. Pharm 1st year Syllabus                                                                                      
  1. B.H.M.C.T. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                    
  1. M.A.M. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                          
  1. M.B.A. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                           
  1. M.C.A. 1st year Syllabus                                                                                          

CouponSpy Scholarship 2013

We are very proud to announce that we will be hosting a competition to find a new logo for our website and the grand prize will be aRs 100 000 scholarship!
Now that we have your attention, allow us to give you more details. One of our keen interests is education and we believe that everyone should have the chance to receive a quality education. Often, attending tertiary education is financially not an option for many young people; therefore, we would like to help.
It is simple, really: you draw a logo that is in line with our guidelines, submit it along with your personal details and our Facebook users will vote for their favourite.
1.       Any medium is accepted i.e. pencil, crayon, computer design software.
2.       Your entry must be no bigger than 300 x 600 pixels.
3.       All college and university students can apply as well as high school seniors, regardless of which institution they will be attending.
4.       If you are a minor you will need your parent or guardian’s permission to participate.
5.       Each entrant may submit a maximum number of two entries.
6.       The closing date for entries is on the 30th of November 2013.
7.       The winner will be announced in January 2014 after a vote on Facebook.

8.       The prize will be awarded via PayPal or bank transfer.

Design Guidelines
1.       The logo must not feature our name “CouponSpy” and instead should be a image representing the brand, an example would be Nike’s famous swoosh or Tata’s symbol. You just see the symbol and know which brand it belongs to.
2.       All images have to be original and the logo may not be made up of other pre-existing images.
3.       Entries with additional features like 3D will not be accepted.
4.       The use of the Indian National Flag & other national symbols are not permitted under Indian law.
How to Enter
To enter the competition, email your design(s) to scholarship2013@couponspy.in with the following details:
·        Your full name
·        Your age and birthdate
·        Your residential address
·        Your email address
·        Your telephone number
·        Your school or university

CouponSpy Scholarship 2013 Terms and Conditions
The CouponSpy Scholarship (the “Contest”) is designed to encourage eligible Indian school students and university students(“Entrant(s)” or “You”) to use their creativity to create their own logo for CouponSpy. CouponSpy’s Facebook fans will determine the winner, and prizes will be awarded in accordance with these Official Rules (the “Rules”).
1.       1.     BINDING AGREEMENT: In order to enter the Contest, you must agree to these Official Rules (“Rules”). The Rules consist of: (i) the terms and conditions on this page; If you are a minor, you must obtain the prior permission of your parent and/or legal guardian, who must agree to these Rules on his/her and your behalf before you can enter this Contest.
2.       ELIGIBILITY: The Contest is open to Indian resident. All College and University students can apply as well as high school seniors..The contest is also open to students obtaining tertiary qualifications within the country of India. The closing date for receipt of entries will be at midnight (IST) on November 30th 2013. Entrants may submit a maximum of 2 entries but both entries must be sent in the same email. At the time of submission, each Entrant must: (i) be an Indian citizen (e.g., must be able to show proof of legal permanent residence, if asked for); (ii) be enrolled in an Indian School or university; (iii) have obtained his or her parents’ or legal guardians’ prior permission and have agreed to be bound by these Rules. Employees, interns, contractors, and official office-holders, as well as their immediate families, of CouponSpy, its affiliates, and any representatives or agencies of CouponSpy or other persons professionally connected with the Contest are not eligible to participate.
3.       SPONSOR: The Contest is sponsored by CouponSpy.in. (“CouponSpy” or “Sponsor”).
4.       CONTEST PERIOD: The Contest will accept entries up until midnight (IST), November 30th 2013 (“Contest Period”). All dates are subject to change.
5.       HOW TO ENTER: To enter the Contest, you will need to email your submission(s) toscholarship2013@couponspy.in with the following details:
·        Your full name
·        Your age
·        Your residential address
·        Your email address
·        Your telephone number
·        Your school or university
To be considered for the Contest, entries must be: (i) complete; (ii) received by extended date 30thNovember 2013; and (iii) in English. Machine or computer-generated mass entries will be disqualified. Any submission not meeting the aforementioned criteria will be disqualified. CouponSpy accepts no responsibility for submissions lost, delayed, damaged, defaced, or mislaid, howsoever caused. Proof of mailing does not constitute proof of entry. All entries will be deemed made by the Entrant submitted at the time of entry.
1.       DESIGN REQUIREMENTS. The logo must meet the following criteria:

(a) They must not be derogatory, offensive, threatening, defamatory, disparaging, libelous or contain any content that is inappropriate, indecent, sexual, profane, tortuous, slanderous, discriminatory in any way, or that promotes hatred or harm against any group or person, or otherwise does not comply with the theme and spirit of the Contest.
(b) They must not contain content, material or any element that is unlawful, or otherwise in violation of or contrary to all applicable national, state, or local laws and regulations. Please note that under relevant laws of India, use of the National Flag, and other national symbols such as the Ashoka Chakra and the pictorial representation of national personalities such as Mahatma Gandhi, Prime Minister of India etc for certain purposes including as part of a corporate logo, are not permitted.
(c) They must not contain any content, material or element that displays any third party advertising, slogan, logo, trademark or otherwise indicates a sponsorship or endorsement by a third party, commercial entity or that is not within the spirit of the Contest, as determined by Sponsor, in its sole discretion.
(d) They must be original, unpublished works that does not contain, incorporate or otherwise use any content, material or element that is owned by a third party or entity.
(e) They cannot contain any content, element, or material that violates a third party’s publicity, privacy or intellectual property rights.
(f) The logo is not the subject of any actual or threatened litigation or claim.
(g) The Entrant does not include any disparaging remarks relating to the Sponsor or a third party.
(h) The Sponsor reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to disqualify any Entrant who submits a logo that does not meet the Requirements. Incomplete entries or entries not complying with these Rules are subject to disqualification.
Notification of Finalists and Winners: Becoming a finalist is subject to validation and verification of eligibility and compliance with all the terms and conditions set forth in these Rules. If a potential finalist or winner is disqualified for any reason, the logo that received the next highest total score will be chosen as the potential finalist or winner. The potential finalist(s) and winner(s) will be selected and notified by telephone and/or email, at Sponsor’s discretion. If a potential finalist/winner does not respond to the notification attempt within three (3) days from the first notification attempt, then such potential finalist/winner may be disqualified and an alternate potential finalist/winner will be selected from among all eligible entries received based on the judging Criteria described herein.
PRIZES: Acceptance of the first prize is subject to permission from a parent or legal guardian (if you are a minor). The Winner will receive a scholarship to the value of Rs 100 000.
Any prize(s) that remain unclaimed at the end of 30 days from the announcement of the final results will be awarded to the next best entry(ies).
GENERAL CONDITIONS: All national, state and local laws and regulations apply. CouponSpy reserves the right to disqualify any Entrant from the Contest if, in CouponSpy’s sole discretion, it reasonably believes that the Entrant has attempted to undermine the legitimate operation of the Contest by cheating, deception, or other unfair playing practices or annoys, abuses, threatens or harasses any other entrants.

1.       INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS: As between CouponSpy and the Entrant, the Entrant retains ownership of all intellectual and industrial property rights (including moral rights) in and to the logo. As a condition of entry, Entrant grants CouponSpy a perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, transferable, royalty-free, and non-exclusive license to use, reproduce, adapt, modify, publish, distribute, publicly perform, create a derivative work from, and publicly display the logo for any purpose, including display on the CouponSpy website, without any attribution or compensation to Entrant. Entries will not be returned.
2.       PRIVACY: Entrants agree that personal data submitted with an entry, including name, mailing address, phone number, and email address may be collected, processed, stored and otherwise used by Sponsor and its affiliates for the purposes of conducting and administering the Contest. By entering the Contest, Entrants agree to the transmission, processing, disclosing and storage of this personal data by Sponsor and its affiliates. If an Entrant does not provide the data required at entry, that Entrant’s entry may be ineligible.
3.       WARRANTY AND INDEMNITY: Entrants warrant that their logos are their own original work and, as such, they are the sole and exclusive owner and rights holder of the submitted logo and that they have the right to submit the logo in the Contest and grant all required licenses. Each Entrant agrees not to submit any logo that: (a) infringes any third party proprietary rights, intellectual property rights, industrial property rights, personal or moral rights or any other rights, including without limitation, copyright, trademark, trade names, industrial designs, patent, trade secret, privacy, publicity or confidentiality obligations; or (b) otherwise violates applicable state, federal, or local law.
To the maximum extent permitted by law, Entrant indemnifies and agrees to keep indemnified Sponsor at all times from and against any liability, claims, demands, losses, damages, costs and expenses resulting from any act, default or omission of the Entrant and/or a breach of any warranty set forth herein. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Entrant agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Sponsor from and against any and all claims, actions, suits or proceedings, as well as any and all losses, liabilities, damages, costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys fees) arising out of or accruing from: (i) any logo or other material uploaded or otherwise provided by Entrant that infringes any copyright, trademark, trade secret, trade dress, patent or other intellectual property right of any person or defames any person or violates their rights of publicity or privacy; (ii) any misrepresentation made by Entrant in connection with the Contest; (iii) any non-compliance by Entrant with these Rules; (iv) claims brought by persons or entities other than the parties to these Rules arising from or related to Entrant’s involvement with the Contest; (v) acceptance, possession, misuse or use of any prize or participation in any Contest-related activity or participation in the Contest; (vi) any malfunction or other problem with the Contest Site in relation to the entry and participation in the Contest by Entrant; (vii) any error in the collection, processing, or retention of entry or voting information in relation to the entry and participation in the Contest by Entrant and in the voting process by consumers; or (viii) any typographical or other error in the printing, offering or announcement of any prize or winners in relation to the entry and participation in the Contest by Entrant.
1.       ELIMINATION Any false information provided within the context of the Contest by Entrant concerning identity, mailing address, telephone number, email address, ownership of right or non-compliance with these Rules or the like may result in the immediate elimination of the entrant from the Contest.
INTERNET AND DISCLAIMER CouponSpy is not responsible for any malfunction of the entire Contest Site or any late, lost, damaged, misdirected, incomplete, illegible, undeliverable, or destroyed logos or votes due to system

1.       errors, failed, incomplete or garbled computer or other telecommunication transmission malfunctions, hardware or software failures of any kind, lost or unavailable network connections, typographical or system/human errors and failures, technical malfunction(s) of any telephone network or lines, cable connections, satellite transmissions, servers or providers, or computer equipment, traffic congestion on the Internet or at the Contest Site, or any combination thereof, including other telecommunication, cable, digital or satellite malfunctions which may limit Entrant’s/consumer’s ability to participate/vote respectively. CouponSpy is not responsible for the policies, actions, or inactions of others, which might prevent Entrant from entering, participating, and/or claiming a prize in this Contest. Sponsor’s failure to enforce any term of these Rules will not constitute a waiver of that or any other provision. Sponsor reserves the right to disqualify Entrants who violate the rules or interfere with this Contest in any manner. If an Entrant is disqualified, Sponsor reserves the right to terminate that Entrant’s eligibility to participate in the Contest.
2.       RIGHT TO CANCEL, MODIFY OR DISQUALIFY. If for any reason the Contest is not capable of running as planned, including infection by computer virus, bugs, tampering, unauthorized intervention, fraud, technical failures, or any other causes which corrupt or affect the administration, security, fairness, integrity, or proper conduct of the Contest, CouponSpy reserves the right at its sole discretion to cancel, terminate, modify or suspend the Contest. CouponSpy further reserves the right to disqualify any Entrant who tampers with the submission process or any other part of the Contest or Contest Site. Any attempt by an Entrant to deliberately damage any web site, including the Contest Site, or undermine the legitimate operation of the Contest is a violation of criminal and civil laws and should such an attempt be made, CouponSpy reserves the right to seek damages from any such Entrant to the fullest extent of the applicable law.
3.       NOT AN OFFER OR CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT: Under no circumstances shall the submission of a logo into the Contest, the awarding of a prize, or anything in these Rules be construed as an offer or contract of employment with either CouponSpy, or the Contest Entities. Entrants acknowledge that they submitted their logo voluntarily and not in confidence or in trust. Entrants acknowledge that no confidential, fiduciary, agency or other relationship or implied-in-fact contract now exists between Entrant and CouponSpy or the Contest Entities and that no such relationship is established by Entrant’s submission of a logo under these Rules.