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GBTU / MTU Syllabus of INTRODUCTION TO BIOTECHNOLOGY [Effective from the session : 2012-13]

EOE-074: INTRODUCTION TO BIOTECHNOLOGY

L T P
3  1 0
UNIT-I
Introduction:
Concept nature and scope of biotechnology.
Cell Structure and Function:
Eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, cell wall, membrane
organization, cell organelles, Nucleus, Mitrochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, chloroplast,
viruses and toxins into cells.
Cell Division:
Mitosis and Meiosis.
8
UNIT-II
Biomolecules:
A brief account of structure of carbohydrates, Lipids and Proteins.
Genes:
Brief idea about Mendel’s laws and chromosomes, nature of genetic materials, DN A and
RNA, DNA replication.
7
UNIT-III
Gene Expression:
Central dogma, genetic code, molecular mechanism on mutations, regulations
of gene expression, house keeping genes, differentiation and development mutations and their
molecular basic.
Genetic Engineering:
Introduction, cloning (vectors and enzymes), DNA and genomic libraries,
Transgenics, DNA fingerprinting, genomics.
9
UNIT-IV
Applications of Biotechnology:
Bioprocess and fermentation technology, cell culture, Enzyme
technology, biological fuel generation, sewage treatment, environmental biotechnology,
biotechnology and medicine, biotechnology in agriculture, food and beverage technology,
production of biological invention.
9
UNIT-V
Safety and Ethics:
Safety, social, moral and ethic considerations, environmental ethics,
bioethics and stem cell research, safety of new biotechnology foods, agro biodiversity and donor
policies.
7
Text Books/ Reference Books:
1. Smith, “Biotechnology” Cambridge Press.
2. P.K. Gupta, “Elements of Biotechnology” Rastogi
3. H. D. Kumar, “Modern concepts of Biotechnology” Vikas publishing House.

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