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GBTU / MTU Syllabus of NANO SCIENCES [Effective from the session : 2012-13]

EOE-032/EOE-042: NANO SCIENCES

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UNIT -1 :
Introduction
:
Difinition of Nano-Science and Nano Technology, Applications of Nano-Technology.
1
Introduction to Physics of Solid State:
Structure:
Size dependence of properties; crystal structures, face centered cubic
nanoparticles; Tetrehedrally bounded semiconductor structures; lattice vibrations.
Energy Bands:
Insulators, semiconductor and conductors; Reciprocal space; Energy
bands and gaps of semiconductors; effective masses; Fermi Surfaces.
Localized Particles:
Acceptors and deep taps; mobility; Excitons.
6



UNIT-2
Quantum Theory For Nano Science:
Time dependent and time independent Schrodinger wave equations.
Particle in a box, Potential step: Refelection and tunneling(Quantum leak). Penetration of
Barrier, Potential box(Trapped particle in 3D:Nanodot), Electron trapped in 2D plane(Nano
sheet), Quantum confinerment effect in nano materials.
4
Quantum Wells, Wires and Dots
Preparation of Quantum Nanostructure; Size and Dimensionality effect, Fermigas;
Potential wells; Partial confinement; Excitons; Single electron Tunneling, Infrared
etectors; Quantum dot laser Superconductivity.
3
Properties of Individual Nano particles
Metal Nano clusters:
Magic Numbers; Theoretical Modelling of Nanopraticles;
geometric structure; electronic structure; Reactivity; Fluctuations Magnetic Clusters;
Bulle to Nano structure.
Semi conducting Nanoparticles:
Optical Properties; Photofragmentation; Coulmbic
explosion.
Rare Gas & Molecular Clusters:
Inert gas clusters; Superfluid clusters molecular
clusters.


UNIT-3
Growth Techniques of Nanomaterials
:
Lithograpahic and Nonlithograpahic techniques, Sputtering and film deposition in glow
discharge, DC sputtering technique(p-CuAlO
deposition). Thermal evaporation
2
technique, E-beam evaporation, Chemical Vapour deposition(CVD), Synthesis of carbon
nano-fibres and multi-walled carbon nanotubes, Pulsed Laser Deposition, Molecular
beam Epitoxy, Sol-Gel Techniuqe (No chemistry required), Synthesis of nanowires/rods,
Electrodeposition, Chemical bath deposition, Ion beam deposition system, Vapor-Liquid
–Solid (VLS) method of nanowires.
8


UNIT -4
Methods of Measuring Properties:
Structure:
Crystallography, particle size determination, surface structure,
Microscopy:
Scanning Prob Microscopy (SPM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Field
Ion Microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Elecrtron Microscopy
(TEM)
Spectroscopy:
Infra red and Raman Spectroscopy, X-ray Spectroscopy, Magnetic
resonance, Optical and Vibrational Spectroscopy, Luninscence.
8


UNIT-5
Buckey Ball:
Nano structuresof carbon(fullerene):
Carbon nano-tubes:
Fabrication , structure. electrical, mechanical, and vibrational
properties and
applications.
Nano diamond, Boron Nitride Nano-tubes, single elecron transistors, Moelcular machine,
Nano-Biometrics, Nano Robots.
7




Text/Reference Books:
1. C.P.Poole Jr F.J. Owens, “Introduction to Nanotechnology”.
2. “Introduction to S.S. Physics” - (7
Edn.) Wiley 1996.
th
3. S. Sugano & H. Koizuoni, “Microcluster Physics” –Springor 1998
4. “Handboole of Nanostructured Materials & Nanotechnology” vol.-5. Academic Press
2000
5. A.K.Bandyopadhyay, “Nano Materials” New Age International

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